Contraceptive | Dr Philip Zinn
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Contraceptive options

 

The Pill

This is the most common form of birth control for women. It is an oral contraceptive strategically designed around your menstrual cycle. The pill is to be taken daily, at the same time each day and thus requires a high level of discipline and responsibility. If you miss one day, you will be open to an unplanned pregnancy.  

Contraceptive implant

A tiny, rod-like medical device is planted under your arm and slowly releases hormones that help prevent you from getting pregnant. The biggest advantage of the implant is that it lasts for 3 years. When you are ready to conceive, your doctor can easily remove it from the arm.

Contraceptive injection

This hormonal shot is administered by a medical professional every 2 to 3 months.  It contains the hormone progesterone, which stops your body from releasing eggs and thickens the mucus at the cervix which makes it difficult for sperm to pass the cervix. It is dispensed through an injection, so it will be no good if you have a fear of needles.

The patch

This is a small, stick-on patch, which slowly releases hormones through the skin. The hormones which are released are synthetic estrogen and progestin. Similar to the injection, it also thickens the mucus produced in the cervix. The patch must be replaced weekly, on the same day each week.

Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)

This is a long-term birth control solution lasting between 3 and 7 years. IUDs can also help with painful or heavy periods and come in a selection of different brands. They consist of a T-shaped piece of plastic, with a band containing the hormone progestin.

Copper Intrauterine Device (IUD)

If you have not had a good experience with hormonal birth control, or you are just uncomfortable with synthetic hormones, this a non-hormonal contraceptive option for you. Also known as the intrauterine coil, it is an IUD which contains copper. It also doubles as an emergency contraceptive that can be used within the first five days of unprotected sex.

Vaginal ring

A very affordable birth control method device, which is placed inside your vagina. Like most of the other birth control options, it contains hormones which stop your ovaries from releasing an egg each month. It lasts for three to four weeks, so it is useful if you tend to forget to take a pill. however, it is unsuitable for women over 35 years who smoke.  

Copper pearls (IUB)

This is the new girl on the block. In case it all seems to have failed you, there is still hope. Copper pearls fundamentally work the same way as the copper IUD, except because of the way they are shaped and sized, they are less likely to be rejected by your body. This is one of the most effective forms of contraception with a 0.7% failure rate.

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Dr Philip Zinn