Uterine abnormalities | female genital malformation


The uterus typically has a consistent shape, but sometimes there are abnormalities in the shape and structure which can result in complications. Female genital malformation results from the abnormal development of the Mullerian ducts during embryogenesis. Most women will be able to conceive without complications and symptoms. However, others will experience pregnancy complications or have trouble conceiving.


Signs and symptoms

  • Recurring pregnancy loss.
  • Infertility.
  • Absent menstrual cycle.
  • Pre-term labour.
  • Abnormal positioning of the fetus.  


Acquired abnormalities

  • Fibroids
  • Uterine adhesions
  • A short cervix


Treatment options

Laparoscopic electrocoagulation

This process is done as one of the therapeutic modalities in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome in infertile patients.


Hysteroscopic resection

This is a technique which is used as a conservative treatment for women with menstrual-related symptoms. It helps to reduce the thickness of the lining of the womb and the diameter of fibroids.

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